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Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 16: States’ obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights
Through General Comment No.16, the Committee provides states with guidance on how to 1. Ensure that the activities and operations of business enterprises do not adversely impact on children’s rights; 2. Create an enabling and supportive environment for business enterprises to respect children’s rights, including across any business relationships linked to their operations, products or services and across their global operations; and 3. Ensure access to effective remedy for children whose rights have been infringed by a business enterprise acting as a private party or as a State agent. CRC General Comment No.16
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, General Recommendation No. 24 on Women and health
The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women issued in 1999 a General Recommendation on Article 12 (women and health) of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. The Committee recommended that States implement a comprehensive national strategy to promote women’s health throughout their lifespan and allocate adequate budgetary, human and administrative resources.
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemical and Pesticides in International Trade
The Rotterdam Convention was adopted on September 1998. The objective of this Convention is to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics, by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to Parties.
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was signed in 2001 with the objective of protecting human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment.
On April 2011, the Human Rights Council adopted a resolution reaffirming that ‘hunger constitutes an outrage and a violation of human dignity and therefore requires the adoption of urgent measures at the national, regional and international levels for its elimination’.
The HRC resolution manifests concern on the following issues: discrimination in the context of the right to food; ways and means to further advance the rights of people working rural areas; the relationship between severe malnutrition and childhood diseases; urban poor an their enjoyment of the rights to food; and rural women and their enjoyment of the right to food.
Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council 16 27 on the Right to Food
On July 2010, the UN General Assembly recognized the human right to water and sanitation while also acknowledging the importance of its”equitable access” and their essential role in the realisation of all human rights.
Moreover, States and international organizations were called upon to provide financial resources, capacity-building and technology transfer, through international assistance and cooperation, in particular to developing countries,to scale up efforts to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.