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The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea establishes a legal order for the seas and oceans. The main objectives of the Convention are:
1. Facilitate international communication,
2. Promote the peaceful uses of the seas and oceans,
3. The equitable and efficient utilization of the seas and oceans resources,
4. The conservation of their living resources,
5. The study, protection and preservation of the marine environment.
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 16: States’ obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights
Through General Comment No.16, the Committee provides states with guidance on how to 1. Ensure that the activities and operations of business enterprises do not adversely impact on children’s rights; 2. Create an enabling and supportive environment for business enterprises to respect children’s rights, including across any business relationships linked to their operations, products or services and across their global operations; and 3. Ensure access to effective remedy for children whose rights have been infringed by a business enterprise acting as a private party or as a State agent. CRC General Comment No.16
In 2002 the Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights issued a General Comment on the right to water. According to its General Comment, states parties should, among others, take steps to ensure that rural and deprived urban areas have access to properly maintained water facilities and that access to traditional water sources in rural areas are protected from unlawful encroachment and pollution.
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemical and Pesticides in International Trade
The Rotterdam Convention was adopted on September 1998. The objective of this Convention is to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics, by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to Parties.
On July 2010, the UN General Assembly recognized the human right to water and sanitation while also acknowledging the importance of its”equitable access” and their essential role in the realisation of all human rights.
Moreover, States and international organizations were called upon to provide financial resources, capacity-building and technology transfer, through international assistance and cooperation, in particular to developing countries,to scale up efforts to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.